Running CTS tests

In this document

Getting started with CTS tradefed

See the Trade Federation Overview for an explanation of the Trade Federation (tradefed or TF for short) continuous test framework.

To run a test plan:

  1. Connect at least one device.
  2. Press the home button to set the device to the home screen at the start of CTS.
  3. While a device is running tests, it must not be used for any other tasks and must be kept in a stationary position (to avoid triggering sensor activity) with the cameras pointing at an object that could be focused.
  4. Do not press any keys on the device while the CTS is running. Pressing keys or touching the screen of a test device will interfere with the running tests and may lead to test failures.
  5. Launch the CTS console by running the cts-tradefed script from the folder where the CTS package has been unzipped, e.g. $ ./android-cts/tools/cts-tradefed
  6. Start the default test plan (contains all test packages) by appending: run cts --plan CTS . This kicks off all CTS tests required for compatibility.
    • For CTS v1 (Android 6.0 and earlier), enter list plans to view a list of test plans in the repository or list packages to view a list of test packages in the repository.
    • For CTS v2 (Android 7.0 and later), enter list modules to see a list of test modules.
  7. Alternately, run the CTS plan of your choosing from the command line using: cts-tradefed run cts --plan

    Note: When running Android 6.0 (Marshmallow) CTS only, we recommend you use the --skip-preconditions option to skip the experimental pre-conditions feature that may cause issues for when executing CTS tests.

  8. View test progress and results reported on the console.
  9. If your device is Android 5.0 or later and declares support for an ARM and a x86 ABI, you should run both the ARM and x86 CTS packages.

Using the CTS v1 console

For Android 6.0 or earlier, you'll use CTS v1.

Selecting plans

The following test plans are available:

  • CTS—all tests required for compatibility.
  • Signature—the signature verification of all public APIs
  • Android—tests for the Android APIs
  • Java—tests for the Java core library
  • VM—tests for ART or Dalvik
  • Performance—performance tests for your implementation

These can be executed with the run cts command.

CTS v1 console command reference

Table 1. This table summarizes the CTS v1 console commands for various uses.

Host Description
help Display a summary of the most commonly used commands
help all Display the complete list of available commands
exit Gracefully exit the CTS console. Console will close when all currently running tests are finished
Run Description
run cts Run the specified tests and displays progress information. One of --plan, --package, --class or --continue-session needs to be specified

The CTS console can accept other commands while tests are in progress

If no devices are connected, the CTS desktop machine (or host) will wait for a device to be connected before starting tests

If more than one device is connected, the CTS host will choose a device automatically

--plan <test_plan_name> Run the specified test plan
--package/-p <test_package_name>  [--package/-p <test_package2>...] Run the specified test packages
--class/-c <class_name> [--method/-m <test_method_name> Run the specified test class and/or method
--continue-session Run all not executed tests from previous CTS session; the sessions testResult.xml will be updated with the new results
--shards <number_of_shards> Shard a CTS run into given number of independent chunks, to run on multiple devices in parallel
--serial/-s <deviceID> Run CTS on the specific device
-t <class_name>#<test_method_name> Run a specific test method
--force-abi 32|64 On 64-bit devices, run the test against only the 32-bit or 64-bit ABI
List Description
list packages List all available test packages in the repository
list plans List all available test plans in the repository
list invocations List 'run' commands currently being executed on devices
list commands List all 'run' commands currently in the queue waiting to be assigned to devices
list results List CTS results currently stored in repository
list devices List currently connected devices and their state

'Available' devices are functioning, idle devices, available for running tests

'Unavailable' devices are devices visible via adb, but are not responding to adb commands and won't be allocated for tests

'Allocated' devices are devices currently running tests

Add Description
add derivedplan --plan <plan_name>
--result/-r
[pass | fail | timeout | notExecuted]
[--session/-s <session_id>]
Create a plan derived from given result session; use this option to rerun reports and validate test issues

Using the CTS v2 console

For Android 7.0 or later, you'll use CTS v2.

Selecting plans

Available test plans include the following:

  • cts—Runs CTS from an pre-existing CTS installation.
  • cts-camera— Runs CTS-camera from a pre-existing CTS installation.
  • cts-java— Runs Core Java Tests from a pre-existing CTS installation.
  • cts-pdk— Runs Tests useful on validating a PDK fusion build.
  • everything— Common config for Compatibility suites.

Other available configurations include the following:

  • basic-reporters— Configuration with basic CTS reporters.
  • collect-tests-only—Runs CTS from a pre-existing CTS installation.
  • common-compatibility-config— Common config for Compatibility suites.
  • cts-filtered-sample— Common config for Compatibility suites.
  • cts-known-failures— Configuration with CTS known failures.
  • cts-preconditions— CTS precondition configs.
  • host— Runs a single host-based test on an existing device.
  • instrument— Runs a single Android instrumentation test on an existing device.
  • native-benchmark— Runs a native stress test on an existing device.
  • native-stress— Runs a native stress test on an existing device.
  • recharge— A fake test that waits for nearly-discharged devices and holds them for charging.
  • testdef— Runs tests contained in test_def.xml files on an existing device.
  • util/wifi— Utility config to configure Wi-Fi on device.
  • util/wipe— Wipes user data on device.

All of these plans and configs can be executed with the run cts command.

CTS v2 console command reference

Table 1. This table summarizes the CTS V2 console commands for various uses.

Host Description
help Display a summary of the most commonly used commands
help all Display the complete list of available commands
version Show the version.
exit Gracefully exit the CTS console. Console will close when all currently running tests are finished.
Run Description
run cts

Run the default CTS plan (that is, the full CTS invocation).

The CTS console can accept other commands while tests are in progress.

If no devices are connected, the CTS desktop machine (or host) will wait for a device to be connected before starting tests.

If more than one device is connected, the CTS host will choose a device automatically.

--plan <test_plan_name> Run the specified test plan.
-- module/-m <test_module_name>  [--module/-m <test_module2>...] Run the specified test module or modules. For example, run cts --module CtsGestureTestCases executes the gesture test module (this can be shortened to run cts -m Gesture).
run cts -m Gesture --test android.gesture.cts.GestureTest#testGetStrokes runs the specific package, class, or test.
-- module/-m <test_module_name> -- test <test_name>  Run the specified module and test. For example, run cts -m Gesture --test android.gesture.cts.GestureTest#testGetStrokes runs the specific package, class, or test.
--retry Retry all tests that failed or were not executed from the previous sessions. Use list results to get the session id.
--shards <number_of_shards> Shard a CTS run into given number of independent chunks, to run on multiple devices in parallel.
--serial/-s <deviceID> Run CTS on the specific device.
--include-filter <module_name>  [--include-filter <module2>...] Run only with the specified modules.
--exclude-filter <module_name>  [--exclude-filter <module2>...] Exclude the specified modules from the run.
--log-level-display/-l <log_level> Run with the minimum specified log level displayed to STDOUT. Valid values: [VERBOSE, DEBUG, INFO, WARN, ERROR, ASSERT].
--abi <abi_name> Force the test to run on the given ABI, 32 or 64. By default CTS runs a test once for each ABI the device supports.
--logcat, --bugreport, and --screenshoot-on-failure Give more visibility into failures and can help with diagnostics.
--device-token Specifies a given device has the given token eg. --device-token 1a2b3c4d:sim-card..
--skip-device-info Skips collection of information about the device. Note: do not use this option when running CTS for approval.
--skip-preconditions Bypasses verification and setup of the device's configuration, such as pushing media files or checking for Wi-Fi connection.
List Description
list modules List all available test modules in the repository.
list plans or list configs List all available test plans (configs) in the repository.
list invocations List 'run' commands currently being executed on devices.
list commands List all 'run' commands currently in the queue waiting to be assigned to devices.
list results List CTS results currently stored in repository.
list devices List currently connected devices and their state.

'Available' devices are functioning, idle devices, available for running tests.

'Unavailable' devices are devices visible via adb, but are not responding to adb commands and won't be allocated for tests.

'Allocated' devices are devices currently running tests.

Dump Description
dump logs Dump the tradefed logs for all running invocations.